What is the Internet of Things (IoT)
Internet of Things (IoT) refers to the connection of devices – other than the computational platforms (workstations, tablets and smartphones) – to the Internet.
1) Trend Supporting IoT
· a) Cost of Hardware has decreased.
· b)Hardware size is smaller and less weight which is needed to incorporate into computational devices.
· c) Wireless Internet Access (cell phones, Wi-Fi) enables networking with cheap infrastructure and there is less need to install physical cables.
· d) Data costs are low and Data bandwidth is high.
2) Powerful and Persuasive
· a)Interface to the cloud:- IoT devices are basically window to these cloud server. E.g. Siri
· b)Networking is powerful:- IoT devices can leverage powerful servers and large databases.
· c)IoT is persuasive:-
->At home- TV/game machines can listen to our command, home automation system can control your appliances
->At work- motion sensors detect your presence
->At person- cell phones e.g. fitbit , insulin pumps, pacemaker
->Everywhere else- car, traffic lights
3) Societal Benefits
· a)IoT makes life easier key aspect of that is to make them better without adding complexities.
· b)Independence of people:- IoT handle things we needed humans for, fewer doctor visits, no trips to the supermarket
· c)Link to the world:- information access, global interaction of people is possible
4) Risks, Privacy and Security
· a)Social Isolation
· b)Dependence on technology and infrastructure
· c)Observation by IoT devices is pervasive- location: cell phones, health: health monitor, purchasing habits: credit cards, system cell phones
· d)Purchasing and IoT device may give the manufacture permission to use or cell data.
· e)Data may be used by insurance agencies.